I realize this isn't foreign travel, but I think it fits better here than on my writing blog. And anyway, I was here as part of my visa-getting process for China, so this kind of counts as travel.
Besides, my blog needs a taste of America, especially on the Fourth of July.
A reasonable non-Washingtonian might expect Seattle to be the capitol of Washington, but it is not. The capitol is Olympia, which is on the crossroads between the peninsula and the rest of the state. You can see it here:
I've been to Olympia twice, I think, for various school field trips, but a few weeks ago I was in Olympia to get paperwork signed and discovered that the capitol works much faster than the DMV, so I had an extra couple of hours to wander around and learn some more. So, as is my custom, I did a bit of walking, and looking, and re-learning.
Welcome to my home state capitol.
About the Capitol
The capitol campus is comprised of five buildings; I went into two of them. All of them are designed in the same way the founding fathers designed their mansions and government buildings, which is to say, designed to resemble Greco-Roman architecture with a healthy helping of gardens.
Because it's Washington, we have to have greenery around everything. Here are some pictures of the gardens in front of the Capitol:
|Here's a view of two of the buildings from the gardens out front. That temple-looking building is called the Insurance Building, and it's one of the five buildings associated with the capitol campus; the dome to the right is the Legislative Building.|
|Inside the gardens|
Temple of Justice
The Capitol campus houses the three branches of Washington's state government - Executive, Legislative, and Judicial (sound familiar?). The Judicial branch (the branch I hear the most about - my parents are both lawyers) is the system of courts and judges. The highest part of the Judicial Branch is the state's Supreme Court. Their main courtroom, as well as the official law library of the state, is in a building called the Temple of Justice.
I assume that referring to it as a "Temple" also goes back to the Founding Fathers and the era of the Enlightenment; Reason, Justice, Liberty, etc., all achieved venerated status in that time period. The Temple of Justice was begun in 1912 and finished in 1920 (after WWI, so well after the Enlightenment was over).
The Dome and the Temple of Justice face each other across a huge roundabout, so here's a picture of the Temple from the steps of the Dome:
These first pictures are from the beautiful, beautiful law library:
|There's the Capitol Dome from the window.|
|I love this picture; the scales are the symbol of justice, so they're all over the courthouses everywhere, but in the background is the legislative building.|
|This is a view the other way, looking down at Capitol Lake.|
|I love this picture, too. I didn't know it when I took this picture, but that room you can see through the door, across the entryway, is the courtroom.|
I was trying to maintain some decorum, so I didn't snap too many pictures, but these two are of the beautiful marble work inside the building (but I think the green and pink around the ceiling is plaster, not marble).
|This looks like the marble inside the Legislative Building, which is Alaskan marble|
The Capitol Dome
Also known as the Legislative Building, the Capitol Dome is that beautiful dome you've been seeing. Like the rest of the Capitol campus, it was designed to resemble early American architecture, which was designed to resemble Greco-Roman architecture. The Dome itself is the tallest stone dome in North America, and the fifth tallest in the world.
Side trip to Seattle: The whole Capitol campus in Olympia was designed by two brothers from New York, who won a national competition. I didn't know that until I got into the tour (tours of the capitol are free, by the way), but when I first heard that, I almost laughed. The story about the first permanent settlement where Seattle is now is that the settlers sailed into Elliot Bay, and as they built their settlement, they named it "New York". The Duwamish Indians (the tribe my Seahawk bear is named after) had heard about the original New York, and they looked at the new settlement and called it "New York Alki", which means "New York By and By" (or "one day", "some day", etc.). Well, the first winter rains came through and that little settlement was swamped, so the settlers wound up moving to where Seattle is now, and the place of their original settlement is currently a famous residential neighborhood called Alki. The point of this side trip is that New York has been influencing Washington in a few ways throughout our history. But, you'll also see a few things in here that are influenced from places to the west as well.
Back to Olympia, now. First, the Dome from the Temple of Justice:
Every state has two statues in D.C. of important people from our history. These next two statues are copies of Washington's.
First, Mother Joseph:
|Mother Joseph was a nun and, if I remember correctly, a trained nurse. I dressed up as her for a school project when I was in fourth grade!|
|Dr. Marcus Whitman, who Whitman University in Walla Walla, Washington is named after. Dr. Whitman and his wife, Narcissa, were medical missionaries to a variety of tribes in the southeastern corner of Washington, where Walla Walla is now. His wife Narcissa and another missioanry wife, Eliza Spalding, were the first women to cross the Rocky Mountains, and their settlement was the first permanent American settlement in Washington. During an outbreak (I think of measles), white children treated by Dr. Whitman survived, while the tribal children he treated did not. Thanks to modern science, we know now that this is because tribal peoples did not have the immune system that Europeans did, but the tribes did not know this, so they assumed that Dr. Whitman was deliberately letting tribal children die. In response, one tribe attacked the Whitman's mission house and killed Dr. Whitman, his wife Narcissa, and eleven other people in what is now called the Whitman Massacre.|
Now, the central part inside:
|That chandelier comes from New York. It has an entire steel frame behind the plaster in the wall to hold it up!|
|All the marble in this picture is Alaskan marble, along with most of the marble throughout the building. There is marble from all around the world in the building, but most of it is from Alaska.|
|These are flags of some of the counties in Washington (Washington has 39 total). If I remember the tour guide correctly, the green one on the right is King County, where I live!|
|Imagine this, parallel, and you have some idea of how magnificent the inside is.|
|This is the room where the state's Senate meets (again, sound familiar?)|
|The Governor's Ballroom. This is where a new governor is sworn in.|
|The gold for the letters in this curtain is the only real gold in the entire building. That's to make the letters stand out more.|
|This is the room for the House of Representatives, from a balcony. If I remember correctly, this marble came from France. My grandfather used to work in this room!|
|Here's King County. They share it with Ferry.|
|Back in the Senate room. This marble comes from Germany. Notice that they also have the names of the counties going around the top.|
|More George Washington - on the doorknobs!|
This is the lake that's downhill of the campus.
|The Dome from the lake.|
I don't know how to better end this Fourth of July post than with the pictures of a war memorial in front of the campus:
This is a memorial to all Washingtonian men who died in World War I. There are five people in it: a woman, an angel (who may be there to represent Liberty) and three soldiers. The base has writings on it from various sayings about liberty, democracy, etc., but this side is my favorite:
|Greater love hath no man than this: that a man lay down his life for his friends|
Happy Fourth of July, everyone!